Small Nasty Critters… With a Powerful Bite
Bedbugs are small Parasitic, wingless insects with highly developed mouth parts that can pierce skin and prefer to feed on human blood.
Their bite is painless but the bites can become itchy and swell into reddened weals. Although bedbugs can harbor diseases in their bodies, transmission to humans is highly unlikely. They are not dangerous, unless a person is allergic to them. However, their presence can be distressing and their bites can be highly irritating.
Characteristics of the Bedbug
These wingless insects are half a centimeter long with a flat, oval-shaped body, six legs and large antennae. Bedbugs live exclusively on blood. They prefer human blood, but will feed on other mammals if necessary. Bedbugs are attracted to body heat and the carbon dioxide in expired air, which is how they find their host.
Bedbugs commonly live in mattresses, particularly along the seams, in bedding such as sheets and blankets and in the cracks of wooden floors, carpet, furniture, particularly in seams and cracks.
Bedbugs are most often found in dwellings with a high rate of occupant turnover such as hotels, motels and apartment complexes. Any household can be invaded by bedbugs, but a high standard of hygiene will discourage them from spreading room to room. The first indication of a bedbug infestation may be red bites on family members, or blood on the sheets.
Where do Bedbugs come from?
Bed bugs are not native to Australia. They originate from Europe and Asia and were brought to Australia by travellers.
How did I get Bedbugs?
Bed bugs and their eggs are accidentally brought into your property by visiting an infested property or having a guest from an infested property stay with you. They are also brought in by infested items such as furniture, clothing and backpacks. Bed bugs also come from people visiting an infested area such as a hotel or can often be brought home from overseas trips in luggage, clothing and even laptop bags.
How long do Bedbugs live?
The typical life span of a bed bug is about 10 months and they can survive for weeks to 12 months without a blood feed. Bed bugs have five immature nymph life stages and a final sexually mature adult stage. They shed their skins through ecdysis at each stage, discarding their outer exoskeleton, which is somewhat clear, empty exoskeletons of the bugs themselves. Bed bugs must molt six times before becoming fertile adults, and must consume at least one blood meal to complete each molt.
Recommended treatment of bedbug bites includes:
Resist the urge to scratch.
Use calamine lotion or anesthetic creams to treat the itching.
Wash the bites with antiseptic soap to reduce the risk of infection.
Apply an ice pack frequently to help relieve swelling.
Take pain-relieving medication if symptoms are severe.
See your doctor if the bite develops an infection.
Need Bed Bug Eradication? Call Termite pest Control Brisbane for a thorough inspection of your premises, especially the common hiding spots.